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April 16 in German History
April 16, 1817
Birth of Martin Rudolph von Delbrück in
Berlin, Germany. He forged the Prussian free-trade policy in
cooperation with Otto von Bismark and was instrumental in
convincing the southern German states to join the empire in
April 16, 1820
Birth of Georg Curtius in Lübeck, Germany.
Curtius was a scholar of Greek language. He was a professor
of classics at the universities of Prague, Kiel and Leipzig.
His most noted work was, Grundzüge der griechischen
April 16, 1823
Birth of Ferdinand Gotthold Eisenstein (1823-1852) in
Berlin, Germany. Eisenstein was a professor of mathematics at
the University of Berlin. Eisenstein's work led to theorems
for quadratic and biquadratic residues, a reciprocity theorem
for cubic residues, cyclotomy and quadratic partition of
prime numbers. In 1848 Eisenstein was imprisoned briefly by the Prussian army for his revolutionary activities in Berlin. Eisenstein always had republican sympathies, and while he did not actively participate in the revolution of 1848, he was arrested on 19 March of that year. Although he was released just one day later, the harsh treatment he suffered damaged his already delicate health. He died of tuberculosis at the age of 29.
April 16, 1831
Heinrich Seuse is canonized a saint. Born on March 21, 1295: Heinrich Seuse (also
spelled Suso in some texts) (original name Heinrich von Berg)
in Konstanz, Germany. Seuse, a Dominican, was one of the
outstanding mystics in German religious history. He studied
under another great mystic, Meister Eckehart in Cologne. He
came under criticism and attack when he held to the positions
of Meister Eckehart even when Eckehart was condemned by the
Pope in 1329. Seuse's most influential and lasting work is Büchlein
der ewigen Weisheit (1328). Seuse was beatified by Pope
Gregory XVI in 1831.
April 16, 1871
The constitution of the new German Empire
(under Kaiser Wilhelm of Prussia) is established.
April 16, 1886
Birth of Ernst Thälmann in Hamburg,
Germany. Thälmann joined the communist party in 1920. He ran
for president of the Weimar Republic in 1925 and 1932 against
Paul von Hindenburg. When Hitler came to power in 1933 he
began attacks on the Communist Party at once. Thälmann was
arrested on March 3, 1933 and was executed in the camp at
Buchenwald in August of 1944.
April 16, 1927
Joseph Ratzinger was born on April
16, 1927 in Marktl am Inn, Germany. He was ordained a priest
on June 29, 1951. He was an advisor to the Archbishop of
Cologne, Cardinal Joseph Frings at the second Vatican
Council. Pope Paul VI named him Archbishop of Munich and
Freising on March 24, 1977. On June 27, 1977 he was made a
cardinal. In 1981 Pope John-Paul II named him Prefect of the
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, President of the
Pontifical Biblical Commission and President of the
International Theological Commission.
April 16, 1948
The OEEC is founded.
April 16, 1970
Death of Richard Joseph Neutra in
Wuppertal, Germany (born in Vienna, Austria). Neutra studied
architecture at the Technical Academy in Vienna and the
University of Zürich. After establishing a reputation with
the International Style of Architecture in Europe he
immigrated to the United States in 1923. In the United States
he continued his building in the International Style.
Outstanding works by Neutra include the Kaufmann Desert House
in Palm Springs and the Tremaine House in Santa Barbara.
April 16, 1991
The Skoda automobile company (Czech
Republic) is acquired by Volkswagen.
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