26 in German History
August 26, 1882
Birth of James Franck in Hamburg, Germany.
Frank became a professor of physics at the University of
Göttingen in 1920. He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in
1925 for his work on the excitation and ionization of atoms
by electron bombardment. He fled Germany in 1933. In 1935 he
accepted a position at Johns Hopkins University and in 1938
at the University of Chicago.
August 26, 1895
Death of Johann Friedrich Miescher in
Davos, Switzerland. Miescher was a biochemist at the
Universities of Tübingen and Basel who discovered nucleic
August 26, 1914
Beginning of the battle at Tannenberg, East
Prussia (now Poland) where the German armies under Ludendorf
and Hindenburg defeat the Russian armies.
August 26, 1921
Matthias Erzberger is fatally shot by right
wing radicals. Erzberger, a member of the Catholic Center
Party, worked toward the peace to end WWI and was a signatory
of the Armistice in 1918. Later he was first berated by right
extremist groups and in 1921 shot to death by right wing
radicals while he was on vacation in the Black Forest.
August 26, 1945
Death of the novelist, Franz Werfel, in
Hollywood, U.S.A. (Born in Prague, Austro-Hungarian Empire.)
He fled Germany as the Nazi movement grew stronger. Noted
works by Werfel include Venti, Roman der Oper (1924), Die
Vierzig Tage des Musa Dagh (1933) and Das Lied von
August 26-27, 1959
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhauer visits
West Germany. He renews the guarantee of the U.S. for the
security and freedom of West Berlin.
August 26, 1972
The Olympic games begin in Munich. The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Munich, West Germany, from August 26 to September 10, 1972, the sporting nature of which was largely overshadowed by the Munich massacre in which eleven Israeli athletes and coaches, a West German police officer, and five terrorists were killed. The Israeli team's march during the Olympic's opening ceremony has become a well-known yet eerie video as a result of the massacre.
August 26, 1976
Death of Lotte Lehmann in Santa Barbara,
California (born in Perleberg, Germany). After musical study
in Berlin, Lehmann began her operatic career in Hamburg.
Later with the Vienna State Opera she developed a close
working relationship with Richard Strauss. (The role of
Arabella was created for her.) She immigrated to the United
States and sang with the Metropolitan Opera.
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