28 in German History
August 28, 1749
Birth of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in
Frankfurt, Germany. Goethe was the greatest of all German
writers. Among his works are The Sorrows of Young Werther, Faust, Götz von
Berlichingen, Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, Egmont, and Torquato Tasso. There are frequent references to Goethe's various sayings and maxims throughout the course of Friedrich Nietzsche's work and there are numerous allusions to Goethe in the novels of Hermann Hesse and Thomas Mann. Goethe's poems were set to music throughout the nineteenth century by a number of composers, including Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms, Hugo Wolf, and Gustav Mahler.
August 28, 1850
First performance of Richard Wagner's Lohengrin
in Weimar. The conductor was Franz Liszt, who chose the date 28 August in honour of Goethe, who was born on 28 August 1749.
August 28, 1863
Death of Eilhardt Mitscherlich in Berlin,
Germany. A professor of chemistry at the University of
Berlin, Mitscherlich discovered selenic acid, the monoclinic
crystal form of sulfur and was the first to synthesize
August 28, 1894
Birth of Karl Böhm in Graz, Austria. Böhm
was one of the outstanding conductors of the 20th century. He
was at various times conductor of some of the most noted
orchestras in Europe and the United States. Late in life he
conducted Wagner at the Bayreuth Festivals.
August 28, 1897
Birth of Louis Wirth in Gemünden, Germany.
Wirth immigrated to the United States and became a professor
of sociology at the University of Chicago. He contributed to
the development of sociology as an empirical science.
August 28, 1903
Birth of Bruno Bettelheim in Vienna,
Austria. Bettelheim did pioneering work in the treatment of
children with emotional illness, especially autism. He was
placed in Nazi concentration camps but was released in 1939,
immigrated to the United States and joined the staff at the
University of Chicago. In 1943 he examined the psychology of
prisoners in concentration camps.
August 28, 1914
The first naval battle of WWI takes place
off Heligoland between British and German ships. Four German
ships are sunk.
August 28, 1916
In World War I Italy declares war on
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