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29 in German History
December 29, 1832
Death of Johann Friedrich Cotta. Cotta was a publisher who founded the
journal Die Horen with the classic writer, Friedrich von Schiller
in 1794. Cotta also published many of the works of Johann Wolfgang von
Goethe, Johann Gottfried von Herder, Christoph Martin Wieland, A. W. Schlegel,
Ludwig Tieck, Jean Paul, Heinrich von Kleist, Wilhelm and Alexander Humboldt,
Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Hegel.
December 29, 1880
Birth of Alfred Einstein in Munich, Germany. Einstein (a cousin of the
scientist Albert Einstein) was a musicologist and music critic. He was
the critic for the Münchner Post until 1927 and then from
1927 to 1933 for the Berliner Tageblatt. With the rise of the Nazis
he fled Germany. In 1939 he immigrated to the United States and became
a professor of music at Smith College. He continued a brilliant career
in musicology as an American.
December 29, 1911
Birth of Klaus Fuchs (1911-1988) in Rüsselsheim, Germany. The physicist, Fuchs,
had joined the German communist party in 1930. In 1933, when the Nazis
rose to power, he fled to Great Britain. There he joined a team at the
University of Birmingham working on the development of an atomic bomb.
He soon began passing information to the Soviet Union. In 1943 he was
sent to Los Alamos to work on the American bomb project. He continued
to keep the Soviet Union informed. At the end of the war he returned to
Great Britain as head of the physics department of the British nuclear
research center at Harwell. In 1950 he was arrested and admitted giving
classified information to the Soviet Union. He was sent to prison. He
was released in 1959 and fled to East Germany where he became deputy director
of the Central Institute for Nuclear Research at Rossendorf. He received
many honors and awards.
December 29, 1924
Death of Carl Spitteler in Liestal, Switzerland. He won the Nobel Prize
for Literature in 1919 for his epic poem Der olympische Frühling
(1900-1905). His other great epic was Prometheus der Dulder (1924).
He also wrote many lyric poems, a novella and short stories.
December 29, 1926
Death of Rainer Maria Rilke in Valmont, Switzerland. Rilke is the most
known and respected of the Austrian poets of the 20th century. His life
was a series of wanderings and experiments with new poetic structures.
He called Munich, Paris, Rome, Russia, Switzerland, Austria, and Sweden
home. He was significantly influenced by Friedrich Nietzsche. No doubt
he was given many insights into the thought of Nietzsche during the years
of friendship with Lou Salome, who had been a close friend of Nietzsche.
Some of his most respected works include, Das Stundenbuch (1905),
Das Marienleben (1913), Duineser Elegien (1923) and Sonette
an Orpheus (1923). Rilke died of leukemia.
December 29, 1929
Death of Wilhelm Maybach, chief designer of the first Mercedes automobiles.
December 29, 1961
Death of Anton Flettner in New York City (born in Eddersheim, Germany).
Flettner invented the rotor ship, the Flettner trim-tab control for aircraft
and the Flettner marine rudder. In 1926 he founded a company which built
helicopters for the Luftwaffe in World War II. After WWII he immigrated
to the United States and became president of the Flettner Aircraft Corporation
in New York.
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