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11 in German History
February 11, 1813
Birth of Otto Ludwig in Eisfeld, Germany.
Ludwig was a novelist and playwright of the period of Poetic
Realism, a term which he coined. Among his works are Die
Erbförster (1850), and Zwischen Himmel und Erde (1855).
Ludwig died in Dresden, Germany on February 25, 1865.
February 11, 1869
Birth of Else Lasker-Schüler (1869-1945) in Elberfeld,
Germany. Laske-Schüler was a writer in Berlin until the rise
of the Nazis. In 1933 she fled to Switzerland. In 1940 she
moved to Jerusalem. Among her works are Styx (1902), Meine
Wunder (1911), Hebräische Balladen (1913), and Der
Wunderrabbiner von Barcelona (1921).
February 11, 1900
Birth of Hans-Georg Gadamer in Marburg,
Germany. Gadamer, a philosopher, is considered one of the
leading figures of the 20th century in philosophical
hermeneutical theory. He was a professor at the universities
of Leipzig, Frankfurt am Main and Heidelberg.
February 11, 1919
Friedrich Ebert elected President of the
February 11, 1924
Death of the biologist Jacques Loeb in
Hamilton, Bermuda (born in Mayen, Germany). Loeb completed
his M.D. at the university of Strasburg. He taught at the
Universities of Würzburg and Strassburg. He moved to the
United States in 1891 where he taught at Bryn Mawr College,
the University of Chicago and the University of California at
Berkeley. Loeb is most noted for his studies of reproduction
without fertilization (parthenogenesis). He was able to cause
the development of sea urchin larvae from unfertilized eggs
through environmental manipulation and later repeated the
process with frogs.
February 11, 1973
Death of the German nuclear physicist Hans D. Jensen (1907-1973) . During World War II, he worked on the German nuclear energy project, known as the Uranium Club, in which he made contributions to the separation of uranium isotopes. After the war Jensen was a professor at the University of Heidelberg. He was a visiting professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, the Institute for Advanced Study, Indiana University, and the California Institute of Technology. Jensen shared half of the 1963 Nobel Prize for Physics with Maria Göppert-Mayer for their proposal of the nuclear shell model.
February 11, 1976
Death of Alexander Lippisch (1894-1976) in Cedar
Rapids, Iowa (born in Munich, Germany). Lippisch was a German pioneer of aerodynamics. He made important contributions to the understanding of flying wings, delta wings and the ground effect. His most famous design is the Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket-powered interceptor. His ideas became
important in the later design of jet and rocket aircraft. He
designed the world's first rocket airplane which used solid
fuel and first flew in 1928. He
immigrated to the United States in 1965 and founded the
Lippisch Research Corporation in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
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