5 in German History
January 5, 1762
Birth of Constanze Weber (1762-1842) in Zell, Austria. Weber was a soprano who married
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1782 in Vienna. After her husband's death she
oversaw the publication of his music. In 1809 she married Georg Nissen,
who wrote the first biography of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Nissen died
in 1826 and Konstanze lived as a widow in Salzburg until her death in
January 5, 1846
Birth of Rudolf Eucken (1846-1926) in Aurich, Germany. Eucken was a philosopher who
was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1908. Among his works are
Der Sozialismus und seine Lebensgestaltung (1920), Der Sinn
und Wert des Lebens (1908) and Können wir noch Christen sein?
January 5, 1876
Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967) is born in Cologne, Germany. In 1917 he became Oberburgermeister
of Cologne. An opponent of the Nazi regime, he was sent to a concentration
camp in 1944. After the war he worked in the founding and development
of the CDU political party. In 1949 he became the first chancellor of
the new Federal Republic of Germany, a post which he held until 1963.
January 5, 1919
The insurrection of the communist Spartakus group in Berlin began on
January 5 and lasted for seven days before it was put down. A few days
later the leaders of the group, Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, were
January 5, 1902
70 years after its creation Georg Buchner's Dantons Tod was performed
for the first time by the "Neue freie Volksbuhne".
January 5, 1921
Friedrich Durrenmatt is born in Konolfinger, Switzerland. Durrenmatt
was one of the leading Swiss dramatists of the 20th century. Among his
plays are Romulus der Große (1949), Die Ehe des Herrn
Mississippi (1952), Der Besuch der alten Dame (1956) and Die
January 5, 1931
Birth of Alfred Brendel in Wiesenberg, Austria (now in the Czech Republic).
Brendel made his piano debut in Gratz, Austria in 1948. Brendel became
one of the leading pianists of the world. He is most admired for his interpretation
of Beethoven, but is also noted for his performance of Schubert, Liszt
January 5, 1939
Felix Frankfurter is appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court. Frankfurter
had been born in Vienna, Austria and immigrated to the U.S. with his family
at age 12.
January 5, 1970
Death of Max Born (1882-1970) in Gottingen, Germany. Born won the Nobel Prize for
Physics in 1954 for his statistical formulation of the behavior of subatomic
particles. Born was a professor of physics at the University of Gottingen.
One of his students there was Werner Heisenberg. He developed the "Born
approximation" describing the scattering of atomic particles. In
1933 he fled the Nazi regime and became a professor at the University
January 5, 1996
German physicist Walter Oelert succeeds in creating antimatter atoms
at the CERN Research Center.
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