Today in History
Travel to Germany
Facts About Germany
Thirty Years' War
German Chocolate Cake
How To in Germany
July 14 in German History
July 14, 1093
Death of St. Ulrich von Zell (1029
1083). St. Ulrich was born in Regensburg, Germany in 1029. He
was educated in St. Emmeran. In entered the Abbey of Cluny (France) in
1061 and was ordained a priest. He then went out on a mission
to spread the Cluny reforms. He founded the first Cluny
priory in Bern, Switzerland. He then became the Prior of the
Cluny Priory in Freiburg, Germany. Later he moved his
operations to Zell in the Black Forest (southwestern Germany). Miracles were attributed to him during his
lifetime in Freiburg and Zell. He died in the Black Forest on
July 14, 1093. His designation as a saint predates the
practice of canonization by a Pope. His feast day is July 14.
July 14, 1804
Birth of Ludwig August, Ritter von Benedek
in Sopron (now in Hungary). As Austrian field marshal he was
defeated in the Battle of Königgraetz by Prussian forces.
Thereafter Prussia became dominant in central Europe.
July 14, 1862
Birth of the Austrian painter, Gustav
Klimt, in Vienna, Austria. Klimt founded the school of
painting, the Vienna Sezession.
July 14, 1887
Alfred Krupp, the "Cannon King",
died on July 14, 1887 in Essen, Germany. Krupp had inherited
a steel company from his father at age 14 (1826). He soon had
the steel making company making a variety of steel products
and grew the company quickly. At the World Exhibition in
London in 1851 he showed the largest steel ingot which had
ever been cast, 4,300 pounds. It was the growth of rail
transportation which allowed the company to grow most
rapidly as Krupp developed a world market for train wheels.
The second great growth came as he decided to manufacture
cannons and to market them worldwide. Krupp cannons were
first used in Europe in the Franco-Prussian war. By the time
of his death he had armed 46 nations with Krupp cannons.
July 14, 1909
Kaiser Wilhelm II removes Bernhard Fürst
von Bülow from his post as imperial chancellor.
July 14, 1933
A law is adopted in Hitler Germany which
calls for the sterilization of persons with mental or
July 14, 1953
Death of Richard von Mises in Boston, MA
(born in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary (now in Ukraine)). Mises, a
mathematician, made extensive contributions to aerodynamics.
He made major advances in the understanding of air flow and
advanced airfoil design. He constructed a plane for the
Austrian army in 1915 and served as a pilot in World War I.
After the war he was a professor of mathematics at the
University of Berlin. He fled Germany in 1933 when Hitler
came to power. In 1939 he took a position at Harvard
University. In addition to his work with aerodynamics he also
worked in statistics and probability.
July 14, 1955
Founding of the Warsaw Pact (the eastern
European military alliance during the "Cold War").
July 14, 1959
Death of Grock (stage name of Charles
Wettach) in Imperia, Italy (born in Reconvilier,
Switzerland). Grock was a circus clown and later a stage
comedian of great popularity. His autobiography, Die
Memoiren des Königs der Clowns, was published in 1956.
Back to Today in German History Calendar