July 2 in German History
July 2, 1298
Death of Graf Adolf von Nassau near Worms,
Germany. He was King of the Germans until deposed by the
Habsburg, Albert I.
July 2, 1714
Birth of Christoph Gluck (1714-1787) in Erasbach,
Germany. Gluck was the first German to write significant
operas. His operas include Orfeo ed Eurydice, Alceste, and
Iphigenie en Tauride.
July 2, 1724
Birth of Friedrich Klopstock in
Quedlinburg, Germany. One of the more important poets in German literature, Klopstock had the effect of breaking the
rationalist tradition of his century. No doubt his best known
epic poem is Der Messias (The Messiah).
July 2, 1843
Death of Samuel Hahnemann in Paris (born in
Meisen, Germany). Hahnemann completed his M.D. at the
University of Erlangen in 1779. Hahnemann through his studies
created the medical system now known as homeopathy. It is
based on the idea that small doses of toxins have curative
powers. His theory is contained in the book Organon der
rationellen Heilkunst (1810). He was driven out of
Leipzig by the medical establishment and moved to Paris where
he was quite popular.
July 2, 1865
Birth of feminist leader Lily Braun in
Halberstadt, Prussia. (Born, von Kretschman) Her most
important book was Die Frauenfrage, ihre geschichtliche
Entwicklung und wirtschaftliche Seite. In that book she
postulated that capitalism destroys the family and thus makes
July 2, 1876
Birth of Wilhelm Cuno in Suhl, Germany.
Cuno was a successful businessman, general director of the
Hamburg-America line and German chancellor during the Weimar
July 2, 1877
Birth of Hermann Hesse in Calw, Germany.
He was During his teenage years Hesse was showing his highly rebellious nature by having intense conflicts with his parents, fleeing from the Seminary where he was studying at the time and even an attempt at a suicide after which he was placed in a mental institution.
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