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June 3 in German History
June 3, 1817
Pauline Mallinckrodt (1817-1881) was born in Minden,
Germany, on June 3, 1817. She directed the institution for the
blind in Paderborn, Germany. She founded the Congregation of
the Sisters of Christian Charity on August 21, 1849. That
order took charge of the school for the blind and established
20 additional houses in Germany. In 1873 sisters of the order
came to the United States. Sr. Mallinckrodt came to the
United States in 1873 and organized a Mother House in
Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania. She died in 1881 in Paderborn,
Germany. She was beatified in 1985.
June 3, 1844
The poet, Detlev von Lilliencron was born
on June 3, 1844 in Kiel, Germany. Lilliencron's most known
collection of poetry is Adjutantenritte. His
collection of novellas, Kriegsnovellen are based on
his own experiences in the military. He also worte an epic, Poggfred,
ein kunter-buntes Epos. Von Lilliencron died in 1909.
June 3, 1864
June 3 is the birthday of Otto Erich
Hartleben, who was born in Clausthal, Germany in 1864.
Hartleben was a writer of short stories and dramas. He is
known for his social criticism and satire. Works by Hartleben
include, Rosenmontag, Vom gastfreien Pastor and
Meine Verse. Hartleben died in 1905 in Italy.
June 3, 1873
Birth of Otto Loewi (1873-1961), the physician/pharmacologist,
in Frankfurt am Main. Loewi received
the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1936 for
discoveries in the chemical transmission of nerve impulses.
Loewi was Professor of Pharmacology at the University of
Graz, Austria. In 1940 he came to the United States and
became a professor at the School of Medicine at New York
University. Loewi died in 1961 in New York City.
June 3, 1877
Death of Ludwig Ritter von Köchel in
Vienna, Austria. Although he had earned a doctorate in Law,
Köchel devoted his life and studies to music. in 1862 he
published his Chronologisch-thematisches Verzeichnis
sämtlicher Tonwerke Wolfgang Amade Mozarts. In that work
he organized all of Morzart's works into 23 categories and
determined dates of composition of each work based on
stylistic development and Mozart's handwriting. Since then
Mozart's works are identified with the "K" or
June 3, 1899
Death of Johann Strauß (1825-1899) (the younger) (the
Waltz King), in Vienna, Austria. Beloved Strauß works
include An der schönen blauen Donau, Künstlerleben,
Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald, Wein, Weib und Gesang, Wiener
Blut and Die Fledermaus. His father had not wanted
him to go into music and he started his life as a bank clerk,
but behind his father's back he started his own orchestra. It
was after his father's death that he devoted his career
wholly to composition. He composed over 400 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles, and other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet. In his lifetime, he was known as "The Waltz King", and was largely then responsible for the popularity of the waltz in Vienna during the 19th century.
Strauss had two younger brothers, Josef and Eduard Strauss, who became composers of light music as well, although they were never as well known as their elder brother.
June 3, 1924
Death of Franz
Kafka (1883-1924), in Kierling, Austria. Franz Kafka was a German-language writer of novels and short stories, regarded by critics as one of the most influential authors of the 20th century. Kafka strongly influenced genres such as existentialism.
June 3, 1929
The Swiss microbiologist, Werner Aber, was
born on June 3, 1929. In 1978 Aber won the Nobel Prize for
Physiology or medicine for his work in molecular genetics.
Aber was Professor of Microbiology at the University of
June 3, 1979
Death of Arno Schmidt in Celle, Germany.
Schmidt became a novelist after World War II. Among his works
are, Die Gelehrtenrepublik (1957), Nobodaddys
Kinder (1963), and Abend mit Goldrand (1975).
June 3, 1998
The worst train crash in European history
near Eschede, Germany (between Hamburg and Hannover) causes
the death of over 100 passengers. The train, ICE 884
"Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen", was traveling at 200
kilometers per hour when it derailed and crashed into a
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