Germany Under Hitler and
Nationalism is an infantile idea.
It is a measles of mankind.
The stars must have been in a special position above the Austrian town
Braunau on April 20, 1889, when Adolf Hitler was born. Neither his father
Alois Schickelgruber Hitler whom Adolf hated, nor his mother Klara Poelzl
whom he, to the contrary, adored, could foresee their son's future. A
touchy, difficult child who Adolf was in his young years, he didn't do
well at school. His dream was to become a painter which did not come true
because he was rejected by Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. During that
hard time Hitler earned his humble living by selling his drawings. It
was in Vienna that Hitler got his first education in politics by studying
the demagogic techniques of Karl Lueger, and picked up the obsessive
idea of antisemitism and concern with the 'purity of blood' that remained
with him to the end of his career, and brought so much grief and tragedy
into the lives of European Jewry.
In 1913 Hitler came to Munich where he volunteered for service in the
German army and was accepted into the 16th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment.
For the bravery during his service Hitler was awarded the Iron Cross Second
Class and First Class. In 1919 Hitler joined the German Workers' Party,
where he developed his exceptional oratory skills. Soon the name of the
party was changed to the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi
In 1921 Adolf Hitler became the leader of the Nazi Party. Many Germans
hoped Hitler would bring order to a nation suffering economic depression,
mass unemployment, social disorder, and political instability. Hitler's
brand of fascism combined several elements: extreme nationalism, militarism,
Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933 and quickly turned
the nation's fragile democracy into a one-party dictatorship. Police rounded
up thousands of political opponents, detaining them without trial in concentration
camps. The Nazi regime also put into practice racial policies that aimed
to "purify" and strengthen the Germanic "Aryan"
population. A relentless campaign began to exclude Germany's one-half
million Jews from all aspects of German life.
Hitler's political activity, events of life, anti-semitism, and
Party > Persecution
of the Jews
Picture of Hitler with ruins of the Kaiser Gedaechtniskirche in Berlin
courtesy of Nate Kapel.