"Today Germany is ours, and tomorrow the whole world!"
The Nazi movement was an ideological movement founded in 1919 and led
by Adolf Hitler. Based on ideas of German racial superiority, it promoted
territorial expansion, blamed the Jews for the ills of Germany and called
for their removal from the German society. It gave rise to the Nazi Party,
which came to power in 1933 and implemented its ideologies. The party's
platform of twenty five objectives, published in 1920, was formulated
by Hitler and Anton Drexler and included militaristic, nationalistic,
social, economic, and antisemitic clauses.
On November 8, 1923, Hitler and members of the Nazi Party attempted to
violently overthrow the German government. This was known as the "Beer
Hall Putsch". Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison but only
served nine months, during which he wrote Mein
Kampf, his autobiographical sketch of Germany's future under
the Nazi regime.
Founded on January 5, 1919, the Nazi party had its origins in the Political
Workers' Circle, a small right-wing group that started its activity in
November 1918 under the leadership of Anton Drexler. A fierce antisemitism
characterized its meetings. In 1919, under Drexler, this circle became
the German Workers' Party. In November 1923 when the putsch under Hitler's
leadership was failed, the party was officially banned. However it was
refounded in 1925, and remained in existence until after Germany's defeat
in World War II, when it was declared illegal by the Allies in September
All about Nazi Party and their activities.
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Picture of Hitler with ruins of the Kaiser Gedaechtniskirche in Berlin
courtesy of Nate Kapel.