May 16 in German History
May 16, 1788
Birth of Friedrich Rückert in Schweinfurt,
Germany. Rückert was a poet who taught oriental languages
and literature at the universities of Erlangen and Berlin. He
is remembered largely for his lyric poems. Collections of
poetry by Rückert include, Deutsche Gedichte (1814), Kindertotenlieder
(1834), andLiebesfrühling (1844). Gustav Mahler set
the Kindertotenlieder to music in 1902.
May 16, 1798
Death of Joseph Hilarius Eckhel in Vienna,
Austria. Eckhel developed the system of classification of
coins for numismatics which became the standard. He became a
professor of numismatics at the University of Vienna and the
curator of the Austrian imperial collection of coins. The
published work in which he developed his system was, Doctrina
numorum veterum (1792-1798).
May 16, 1892
Birth of Richard Tauber (1891-1948) (original name,
Richard Denemy) in Linz, Austria. Tauber was an operatic
tenor who studied at Freiburg, Germany. He entered
professional singing at the theater in Chemnitz as Tamino in
Mozart's Die Zauberflöte. He then sang for the
Dresden Opera for several years. He immigrated to England in
1938. He was a particular favorite of Marlene Dietrich's.
May 16, 1901
Birth of Konrad Wachsmann (1901-1980) in Frankfurt an
der Oder, Germany. Wachsmann was an architect who was trained
in Germany and worked in Germany and Italy before immigrating
to the United States in 1941. In America he joined a
partnership with Walter Gropius. In 1950 he became a
professor at the Institute of Design at the Illinois
Institute of Technology in Chicago. In a contract with the
Air Force he designed a system of building large hangers with
prefabricated components. In 1954 he accepted an assignment
at the University of California. He designed the City Hall in
California City in 1966.
May 16, 1936
Bishop Karl Lehmann was born on May 16,
1936 in Sigmaringen, Germany. He studied philosophy and
theology in Freiburg and Rome and wrote his doctoral
dissertation on Martin Heidegger. He was ordained a priest in
1963. He was an assistant to Karl Rahner from 1964-1967. He
was professor of theology at the Universities of Mainz and
Freiburg. He was elected Bishop of Mainz in 1983. In 1987 he
became the president of the German Bishop's Conference and
was reelected to that position in 1999.
May 16, 1945
Arrest of Robert Ley near Berchtesgarten,
Germany. Ley was the Nazi who was in charge of labor for
Hitler. He was involved in the arrangement slave labor during World War II. It was he who abolished labor unions in
Germany. He was arrested as a war criminal but hanged himself
before he was tried.
May 16, 1950
Birth of Johannes Bednorz, a German
He was educated at the University of Münster and worked at
the IBM Research Laboratory in Zürich. In 1987, Bednorz and K. Alex Müller were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for their important break-through in the discovery of superconductivity in ceramic materials". In the same year Bednorz was appointed IBM Fellow.
May 16, 1954
Death of Werner Bischof in Peru (born in
Zürich, Switzerland. Bischof was a photojournalist with the
Swiss magazine Du. He traveled around the world taking
the pictures which made him renowned.
May 16, 1974
Helmut Schmidt is elected German Chancellor
after Willy Brandt resigns due to the spy in his office.
May 16, 1974
Hans-Dietrich Genscher (FDP) becomes vice
chancellor and foreign minister in the Schmidt government.
May 16, 1978
Death of Birth of William Steinberg in New
York. Steinberg conduced the Pittsburg Symphony from 1952 to
1976. Before coming to the United States he had been an
apprentice to Otto Klemperer at the Cologne Opera and
conducted the Prague Opera and the Frankfurt Opera. He worked
with Arturo Toscanini in the U. S. before taking charge of
the Pittsburg Symphony.
May 16, 2001
Cardinal Karl Lehmann is honored on his
65th birthday for his contributions to cooperation between
the Church, society and the state.
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