1 in German History
October 1, 1756
The Battle of Lobositz takes place in the
Seven Years' War (1756-1763) (Siebenjähriger Krieg) between
Prussia and Austria and their allies.
October 1, 1904
Birth of Otto Robert Frisch in Vienna,
Austria. Frisch was a physicist who did his doctoral work at
the University of Vienna. Working with Niels Bohr in
Copenhagen he observed the conversion of bombarded uranium
into less complex elements. He named the process fission. He
communicated this information to Albert Einstein. Later he
came to the United States and was active in atomic research
at Los Alamos.
October 1, 1911
Death of Wilhelm Dilthey in South Tyrol. A
philosopher, Dilthey taught at the Universities of Basel,
Kiel, Breslau and Berlin. Dilthey was distressed at the
deep-seated influence of the natural sciences in contemporary
thought. He developed a notion of Geisteswissenschaften. He
sought to depart from the methodological ideal of the natural
sciences and establish a separate, legitimate methodology for
the humanities. Significant works by Dilthey include, Einleitung
in die Geisteswissenschaften, and Studien zur
Geschichte des deutschen Geistes.
October 1, 1939
Einstein signs Szilard's letter to FDR warning President Roosevelt
President Roosevelt receives a letter from
Albert Einstein raising the possibility of atomic bombs and
warning of signs that Germany might be pursuing them. The letter is believed to be "arguably the key stimulus for the U.S. adoption of serious investigations into nuclear weapons on the eve of the U.S. entry into World War II". President Roosevelt could not take the risk of allowing Hitler to possess atomic bombs first. As a result of Einstein's letter and his meetings with Roosevelt, the U.S. entered the "race" to develop the bomb, drawing on its "immense material, financial, and scientific resources" to initiate the Manhattan Project. It became the only country to successfully develop an atomic bomb during World War II.
October 1, 1942
Birth of Günter Wallraf in Burscheid,
Germany. Wallraf was one of the leading Catholic scholars on
the subject of codetermination.
October 1, 1945
Walther Funk, the president of the
Reichsbank during WWII, is sentenced to life in prison by the
Nürnberg trials. He was released in 1957.
October 1, 1946
After 216 sessions the Nürnburg War Crimes
Court issues verdicts.
October 1, 1951
West Germany (BRD) enters GATT.
October 1, 1959
A new East German (DDR) flag is introduced.
It features a hammer and a compass surrounded by a ring of rye. The hammer represented the workers in the factories. The compass represented the intelligentsia, and the ring of rye - the farmers. The display of the national emblem was for some years regarded as unconstitutional in West Germany and West Berlin and was prevented by the police. Only in 1969 did the West German government of Willy Brandt reverse this policy in what was known as Ostpolitik.
October 1, 1982
Due to divisions between the parties, the
FDP leaves the coalition with the CDU/CSU and a vote of no
confidence results in the end of the leadership of the SPD
and the end of the service of Chancellor Helmut Schmidt.
October 1, 1982
Helmut Kohl becomes the German
Bundeskanzler. His political party is the CDU. He was the
longest serving chancellor in the Federal Republic of
October 1, 1990
The agreement is signed whereby the Allies
of World War II return full sovereignty to Germany as of the
agreed to unification date of October 3.
Back to Today in German History Calendar