24 in German History
October 24, 1273
Rudolf I is crowned in Aachen as the German
October 24, 1648
The final Treaty of Westphalia is signed,
ending the Thirty Years War (1618-1648). The Peace of Westphalia was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognizing the independence of the Dutch Republic. The treaties did not restore the peace throughout Europe, however; France and Spain remained at war for the next eleven years. But the peace of Westphalia at least created a basis for national self-determination.
October 24, 1695
On this date Friedrich Wilhelm III ordered
the construction of a palace for his wife Sophie Charlotte.
The palace came to be known as Charlottenburg Palace
and stands still today in Berlin.
October 24, 1795
Poland is divided between Austria, Prussia
October 24, 1796
Birth of August Graf von Platen in Ansbach,
Germany. He was a dramatist noted for the classical purity of
his style. Among his works are Die verhängnisvolle Gabel,
Der romantische Oedipus and Die Liga von Cambrai.
October 24, 1799
Death of Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf in
Neuhof, Bohemia (born in Vienna, Austria). Dittersdorf
composed instrumental music and light operas. He became a
friend of Christoph Gluck and traveled to Italy with him in
1761. From 1779 on he was a close friend of Joseph Haydn and
from 1783 on with Wolfgang Mozart. Among his works are Doktor
und Apotheker (1786), Hieronymus Knicker (1789)
and Das rote Käppchen (1790).
October 24, 1804
Birth of Wilhelm Eduard Weber in
Wittenberg, Germany. Weber was a physicist who did
significant work in developing discrete units of magnetism
and electricity. In 1833 he invented an electromagnetic
telegraph. He was a professor of physics at the University of
October 24, 1844
Birth of Karl Lueger in Vienna, Austria.
Lueger was the mayor of Vienna (CSU) from 1897 until his
death in 1910. He transformed the city by fighting
corruption, incorporating suburbs, organizing city functions
and developing parks.
October 24, 1849
Death of Otto von Gerlach in Berlin,
Germany. Gerlach was the pastor of the new St. Elisabeth
Church in a working class district in Berlin where he
introduced pastoral social work. He later became a professor
of theology at the University of Berlin.
October 24, 1886
Death of Friedrich Graf von Beust in
Vienna, Germany. As the foreign minister of the Austrian
Empire from 1867-1871 it was he who negotiated the agreements
leading to the creation of the dual monarchy and the
October 24, 1914
Lord Mountbatten is forced to resign as
Admiral of the British fleet. Louis Alexander, Prince of
Mountbatten had been born to the name Battenberg in Graz,
Austria. Mountbatten became the British admiral of the fleet
and worked with Churchill to mobilize the British fleet prior
to World War I. He was born in Austria, the son of Fürst
Alexander of Hessia. He had been naturalized as a British
subject in 1868. He was a leader of several significant
British naval campaigns from 1882 through the time of World
War I. Despite his service he was forced to resign as First
Sea Lord on October 29, 1914 due to his German origins. In
1917 he renounced all of his German titles, took on the new
name, Mountbatten and was given the title Marquess of Milford
Haven. He was married to Princess Victoria of
Hesse-Darmstadt. Their grandson is Prince Philip, Duke of
Edinburgh who would marry Queen Elizabeth II.
October 24, 1938
Death of Ernst Barlach in Güstrow,
Germany. Barlach was a noted Expressionist sculptor and
dramatist. Noted works by Barlach include Der Tote Tag (1912),
Der Findling (1922) and Die Sündflut (1924).
October 24, 1984
German tennis star, Steffi Graf, plays her
first professional tennis match.
October 24, 2001
Two trucks collide head on. There is a
major fire in the St. Gottard Tunnel in Switzerland. 11 die
in the catastrophe.
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