Today in History
Travel to Germany
Facts About Germany
Thirty Years' War
German Chocolate Cake
How To in Germany
1 in German History
September 1, 1692
Birth of Egid Quirin Asam in Tegernsee,
Germany. He and his brother, Cosmas Damian, were leading
masters of the baroque style of illusionist decoration in the
late baroque period.
September 1, 1751
Birth of Emanuel Schikaneder in Straubing,
Germany. Schikaneder wrote the text to Mozart's opera, Die
Zauberflöte. In his day he was also known as a German impresario, dramatist, actor, singer and composer. Schikaneder wanted Beethoven to compose an opera for him. After offering Beethoven an apartment to live in inside the theater building, he also offered his libretto, Vestas Feuer. Beethoven, however, found Vestas Feuer unsuited to his needs. Regardless, he did set two numbers: one of which ultimately became the duet "O namenlose Freude" that concludes act 2, scene 1, of his 1804 opera Fidelio.
September 1, 1776
Death of Ludwig Heinrich Hölty in
Mariensee, Germany. The poet, Hölty, was a member of the
poets' association, Göttinger Hain. He was strongly
influenced by Friedrich Klopstock.
September 1, 1854
Birth of Engelbert Humperdinck in Sieberg,
Germany. Among the operas composed by Humperdinck are, Dornröschen,
Königskinder, and Hänsel und Gretel.
September 1, 1858
Birth of Carl Freiherr von Welsbach in
Vienna, Austria. Welsbach invented the gas mantle, a device
which greatly augmented the light output from gas lamps.
September 1, 1939
German troops invade Poland in WWII.
(Russian troops would invade Poland from the East on
September 1, 1981
Death of Albert Speer in London (born in
Mannheim, Germany). Speer was Adolf Hitler's chief architect
and the minister of armaments and war production from
1942-1945. He joined the Nazi Party in 1931. In his role as
minister he organized and expanded the use of slave labor in
war production. Speer was tried at the Nürnberg war crimes
trials and pled guilty. He was imprisoned in Spandau Prison
in Berlin until 1946. After his release from prison he wrote Erinnerungen
(1969), Spandauer Tagebücher (1975) and Der
Back to Today in German History Calendar